Crossrail /

Crossrail which is set to open in 2017 will undoubtedly have a major impact on our district. Extending from Maidenhead to the west to Abbey Wood in the east, it's calculated to bring 1.5 million people within easy commuting reach of London’s central business areas and increase the capacity of London’s transit network by 10%.

With two new Crossrail stations, at Tottenham Court Road and Farringdon, bookending our district, Camden is expected to be one of the main economic beneficiaries with one study putting a notional annual value to the borough from Crossrail of £64 million.

Such a massive project will inevitably cause some disruption, although contractors are committed to minimising this as much as possible. We will endeavour to keep members informed about major Crossrail works affecting our district through our monthly newsletters.

To find out more about the project and its progress, visit the Crossrail websiteAlternatively, contact the Crossrail Helpdesk on 0345 602 3813 or email helpdesk@crossrail.co.uk

 


CROSSRAIL (Extracts from CRL website and literature, and Modern Railways CR Special 7/11 and CRL Business Case Summary Report July 2010)

The Bulletin can also be downloaded from the Crossrail website at: http://www.crossrail.co.uk/railway/

Crossrail Limited | 25 Canada Square | London | E14 5LQ
Switchboard: 0203 229 9100 | Helpdesk (24hr) 0345 602 3813

Visit Crossrail at www.crossrail.co.uk- Crossing the Capital, connecting the UK

 

SOUNDBITES

The Crossrail Vision is to deliver a world-class and affordable railway, safely, that meets the ever growing transport needs of London in the 21st Century and beyond.  

It will create new jobs, significant reduction in transport congestion, enhance the attractiveness of public transport by reducing levels of overcrowding on the tube, particularly in the central area.

It will create a range of new direct and faster journey opportunities and improve accessibility between the West End and Docklands and parts of SE London, particularly from SE London and Kent; and to Heathrow, West London and Berkshire.

The CRL journey time savings and relief of crowding will cause some people to switch from private cars to rail. Estimated result: 15,000 fewer car journeys within London in the morning peak.

The largest construction project in Europe.

CRL’s scope and complexity will result in the largest archaeological programme ever undertaken in the UK; CRL working with Museum of London.

 

(Blue, below:From CRL Business Case Summary Report July 2010)

 

The current transport network in and around London is already highly congested, with high levels of crowding on key National Rail, London Underground and Dockland Light Railway (DLR) services, particularly during the peak period.

Even with the on-going investment on the Underground, National Rail network and other transport systems, London is struggling to meet existing transport demands.

 

The existing extent of crowding on existing networks - density of standing passengers at peak hours in 2006 for the Tube and DLR, and National Rail networks  - standing passengers per sq metre at Oxford Circus and Holborn is over 4 (and equally high elsewhere)

Furthermore, London is forecast to continue to grow, in terms of both population and employment. The latest draft London Plan, published in March 2010, expects that by 2031 nearly 1.3 million additional people and 750,000 new jobs will be in the capital.

The projected 35 per cent growth in public transport trips will bring inevitable additional pressures on the transport network.

Crossrail will make a significant impact towards relieving this growing pattern of congestion and crowding. It will increase the capacity of London’s rail transport system by over 10 per cent which represents the largest single increase in London’s transport capacity since before World War II.

Tube Crowding Changes with Crossrail 2026: Holborn to Oxford Circus Over -30% difference

 

The future economic success of London and the South East is dependent on a robust transport infrastructure.

Overall, Crossrail will bring 1.5 million more people within a 45 minutes commute of the existing major employment centres of the West End, the City and Canary Wharf. This compares with just over 5 million who are currently within 45 minutes of the City. The increased productivity caused by clustering economic activity – with both improved commuting and working-time business travel across London – is crucial to supporting the UK’s global comparative economic advantage and enabling London’s future growth as a key international commercial centre.

Improved public transport is one of the major prerequisites for attracting more jobs and residents, delivering and facilitating the growth that is forecast in The Draft London Plan of March 2010.

Over 35 per cent of the future employment growth in London is expected to be located in areas well served by Crossrail services – the West End, the City and Canary Wharf.

Click here to view map of job change in London.

In total, Crossrail’s wider impacts are estimated to be between £6bn and £18bn in welfare terms (at 2002 prices), including increased tax receipts, exceeding the initial public sector funding required to build Crossrail. Including the WEBs in the appraisal increases the BCR from 1.87 to between 2.73 and 3.05 (using UK wide values of time as applied by the DfT) and from 2.55 to between 3.47 and 4.91 (using London values as applied by TfL). Expressed in terms of impacts on GDP, the wider impacts are worth up to £42bn in 2002 prices or £50bn in 2010 prices.

These figures are summarised below in Table 3.

Table 3  Crossrail’s Wider Economic Benefits

Click here for Table 3.

DfT guidance identifies four specific components of these ‘wider impacts’ or ‘wider economic benefits’ (WEBs):

• Move to More Productive Jobs

• Pure Agglomeration

• Increase in Labour Force participation

• Impacts on Imperfect Competition

 

The headline measure of a transport project’s impact on the UK is its economic Benefit to Cost Ratio (BCR).

 

The railway will significantly reduce congestion on National Rail and Tube networks and support improved access to the key centres of the City, West End and Canary Wharf.

As such – and with the WEBs it will bring – Crossrail will contribute strongly to the improvement of the economy of London and the South East, and thereby to the overall national economy.

 

CAPACITY

Around 200 million passengers will travel on Crossrail each year and the route will provide a 10% increase to rail capacity in the capital

Crossrail station platforms will be 250m in length to accommodate 200m trains that will pass through each station, as well as enabling longer 240m trains to operate in the future as passenger demand increases.

A key element of each station design has been to ensure that the stations are able to cater for future growth in passenger demand.

JOURNEY TIMES

TCR to Farringdon -3 mins

TCR to Paddington - 5mins

TCR to Liverpool St - 5mins

TCR to Canary Wharf - 12mins

Farringdon to TCR -3 mins

Farringdon to Paddington -9 mins

Farringdon to Liverpool St -2 mins

Farringdon to Canary Wharf - 9mins

 

DESIGN

During the detailed design phase, some of the UK’s best known architects worked with world-class engineering firms to finalise the designs for eight of the new Crossrail stations.

London has a glorious railway design history that ranges from the Brunel-designed Paddington station, through Charles Holden’s Tube stations of the 1920s and 1930s to the revival of St. Pancras International. Crossrail intends to build on this design legacy and create cost-effective stations fit for the 21st Century while regenerating local communities.

The new stations have been designed to last for the next one hundred years

Each of the new Crossrail stations will have a distinctive but consistent design. Building on the architectural legacy of each location, these new stations have been designed to combine the latest station technology with tried and tested engineering solutions. A key element of each station design has been to ensure that the stations are able to cater for future growth in passenger demand.

·         Farringdon– Scott Wilson; Aedas; Burns & Nice

·         Tottenham Court Road– Arup; Atkins; Hawkins Brown. Click here to view Tottenham Court Road entrance to station and here for an aerial view of station.

·         Line-wide identity / common architectural components – Grimshaw

A systematic approach will create a unified look, maximise value for money and yet allow each station to retain its individual identity.

WHOLE ROUTE TIMETABLE

Coalition govt refusal to commit to an opening date –realistic (signalling often causes the delay)

Senior staff at CRL and Network Rail talk of a 2019 completion of total project

 

FARRINGDON

If Crossrail has a centre, Farringdon is it.

Sitting right at the heart of the London network, Farringdon Station is fundamental to Crossrail meeting this aspiration (ie the Vision at top).

When complete, it is planned that over 140 trains per hour will flow through the Farringdon interchange when it becomes a link between Thameslink, Crossrail and London Underground services. Farringdon will be the only station from which passengers will be able to access all three networks. Farringdon will become one of Britain’s busiest train stations, and will be a key link in bringing passengers from outer London to the business hubs in the City and Canary Wharf.

By 2018 Farringdon will be at the heart of a new east west (Crossrail) and north south (Thameslink) axis

140 000 passengers a day will use the interchange, one of the most important transport hubs in central London

88.4k daily passenger use (CRL only)

Transport Minister Theresa Villiers: “This important work at Farringdon will see the station transformed into a 21st century transport hub, fit for the needs of a flourishing London”

 

Catalyst for Regeneration

Situated at the intersection of a new east-west and north-south axis, it will be possible to directly connect with three of London’s five airports (with single interchange to the other two), providing a highly desirable railway connection between Heathrow and Gatwick. We believe this interchange will become so important to London that Farringdon will re-emerge as a destination in itself.

In close conjunction with the City of London and the London Borough of Islington, a vision for the regeneration of this key area of London has been developed.  It is hoped that the Crossrail project will help to both re-energise the traditional industries such as the Hatton Garden Jewellers and Smithfield Market, and attract new business to the area.

Two of the largest private development sites in Central London exist in the Mount Pleasant Royal Mail site and the former Guardian newspaper headquarters, if fully developed, could provide a considerable additional passenger flow through the area.  The development of the new Farringdon station will considerably ease the impact of these increased passenger numbers on the network.

Enhanced urban realm and new above station developments (OSD=over site devt)

Two integrated ticket halls and step free access

TIMETABLE

West: New ticket hall at Cowcross St/Farringdon Rd open for Thameslink services on 12 December 2011. OSD to be built above CR building

East: Ticket hall at Lindsay St nr Long Lane/Smithfield market

Crossrail opens in 2018

 

TOTTENHAM COURT ROAD first opened 1900

Tottenham Court Road Underground station is being completely redeveloped as part of TfL’s programme to transform the Tube. The £1bn transformation of Tottenham Court Road will be the biggest transport investment in the West End for decades, providing congestion relief, delivering a bigger ticket hall, additional escalators, step-free access, and interchange with Crossrail services. 

This major investment will dramatically improve one of the most congested parts of the transport network, providing a huge increase in capacity, bringing improvements to the public realm and benefits to residents and businesses, helping to spur further investment in the area.

Built over a century ago as two separate Tube stations, Tottenham Court Road was not designed to cope with the almost 150,000 passenger journeys that are now made through the station every day. With the expected rise in passenger numbers interchanging between London Underground services and Crossrail in 2018, the existing station is being upgraded to meet the expected rise in demand for this key central London station for years to come. 

Passenger numbers anticipated to increase to 200,000 per day by 2018 from current 150,00 per day

Serving the eastern end of Oxford St the £1bn expansion of TCR station will bring the railway network into the heart of Soho.

 New ticket hall nearly 6 times the current size beneath Charing X Rd served by the existing entrance on TCR outside the Dominion Theatre, a new entrance on Dean St –was Oxford St but moved to avoid congestion (western ticket hall at Dean St –incl g/f retail, which fits the plan to part pedestrianise Dean St, allowing passengers to orientate themselves as they leave the station) and 2 bold new entrances (glazed entrance pavilions) from a pedestrianised plaza outside Centre Point

Proposed diagonal “Shibuya” pedestrian crossing at Oxford St/New Oxford St/Tottenham Ct Rd/Charing X Rd (as at Oxford Circus which cost £5m, provides 70 per cent more freedom to move around and took 6 months to complete)

OSD –(May 2011 CRL confirmed –Derwent is developer for TCR East, a developer will be sought when appropriate for the TCR W. Cannot commence until station construction is complete (ie 2016)

Timetable

2012 launch of TBMs –tunnel boring machines from Royal Oak portal (Paddington)

2015 the new Oxford Street entrance (being constructed below the future Derwent London development) and new Southern Plaza entrance opens

The plaza works are expected to be completed in phases during 2015 and 2016.

 2016 Tube stn rebuilt and modernised. All LU’s work is due for completion in 2016

Late 2018 onwards - phased introduction of CR services, central section first.Private Over-site Developments will then be completed.

 

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